The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) administers the End-Stage Renal Disease Quality Incentive Program (ESRD QIP) to promote high-quality services in renal dialysis facilities. The first of its kind in Medicare, this program changes the way CMS pays for the treatment of patients who receive dialysis by linking a portion of payment directly to facilities’ performance on quality of care measures. These types of programs are known as “pay-for-performance” or “value-based purchasing” (VBP) programs.

CMS publicly reports facility ESRD QIP scores and payment adjustments on Care Compare on the website. In addition, each facility is required to display a Performance Score Certificate (PSC) that lists its Total Performance Score (TPS), as well as its performance on each of the quality measures identified for that year.